Just because I fell into the same trap twice, once when trying kdump a year ago, now when working on systemtap, a short reminder for everyone:
If you want to do something that needs kernel-default-debuginfo installed (like, say, "kdump"/"crash" or "systemtap"), then make sure that you also have kernel-default-devel-debuginfo on your system.
The reason for this is, that the kernel-default-debuginfo package has only the debuginfo for the kernel modules, but it misses the debuginfo for /boot/vmlinux. This debuginfo is in kernel-default-devel-debuginfo package.
This is at least strange, since the vmlinux binary is not in the devel package but in the main kernel package.
But in practice it does not matter if this is a bug or not: you need both debuginfo packages installed to make kdump analysis with "crash" or systemtap work.